A leaking roof negates the whole point of being in a house. It puts your family at risk of sleepless nights and even illnesses from moisture in the house. Roof leak repair Long Island, NY experts say a roof can start leaking suddenly or develop the leak over a long time.
Fixing a leaking roof requires through inspection of the cause of the leak so as to make the correct fix that will solve the problem in a comprehensive manner. What are the common causes of roof leaks?
- Broken shingles
Shingles are the exterior most layer of the roof. It is easy to point out broken and missing shingles on the roof. You will see the roof has different colored patches. Shingles will break and get blown away in times of high wind and heavy rains. You may find shingles lying on the ground after a heavy storm.
To fix this problem you have to remove the damaged shingles and replace them. Place a pry bar under the shingle and lift to remove it together with the nails. Place a new shingle and secure it properly with new nails.
- Cracked flashing
Flashing are metal barriers that are placed under the shingles to act as waterproof when the shingles let water through. In some houses, they are exposed and this will be seen as long metal sheets. Otherwise, they are concealed with a rubberized coating. Flashing is sealed together using tar. This tar will corrode and get weak over time from expansion and contraction as the weather changes.
Fixing this problem is done with careful inspection of the roof to identify the trouble spot. After pointing out the cracked flashing you will have to take off the overlying shingle with a pry bar. Remove the cracked flashing and replace with new then secure with nails. Remember to apply a fresh coat of sealant on the nail heads.
- Poorly sealed valleys
A valley is where two planes of the roof meet. This depression forms the natural pathway for rainwater. If the valleys are not properly sealed rainwater can get under the roof as it runs down the roof. This will be seen as wet spots running along seams of the roof. Cracked sealing is the main cause of water getting in. the sealing could corrode and crack over time, or it could get cracked by being stepped on when other works are being done on the roof.
Roof leak repair Long Island experts say that fixing this problem requires the attention of a professional. This is because it is a complex problem that requires laying a new leak barrier which means taking apart the shingles and replacing them.
- Ice dams on the roof
An ice dam is created when a layer of ice at the edge of the roof. This prevents water draining from the roof. The sitting water and the ice damage the roof with excess pressure. Ice dams happen because some parts of the roof are warmer than the edge of the roof. Roof areas over the attic and around the chimney are warmer making the snow melt off. It refreezes on reaching the colder part of the roof.
To prevent ice dams forming rake off at least three feet of snow from the edge of the roof. Invest in a roof rake which is a shovel-like tool. You can also use an ice melt product.
- Cracked vent booting
Vents are the pipe-like things that are used to get rid of excess moisture from the house. You will notice this kind of leaks as dark spots around these vents. This problem arises from cracking of the flashing around the vent. The rubber seal at the opening of the vent can also wear away.
To fix the problem, first, remove the rubber seal with a knife. Break the seal connecting to surrounding shingles. Place the new rubber boot over the vent and slide it down to the roof. Secure the new booting with nails on the other side and caulk the shingles to secure them to the new flashing.
- Clogged gutters
Roof replacement long island experts say this is a very common cause of water getting into the house. Gutters can get clogged by leaves, ice, and other debris. When this happens, water dams in the gutter and forms a dam. This water will look for other paths like cracks in the roof.
Fixing this problem involves getting on the roof and removing the cause of the blockage.
- Improperly installed skylights
This problem is noted by water dripping around the sides of the skylights. However, wet spots near the top of a skylight could point to cracked flashing. Improper installation of a skylight can come from improper measurements or worn out insulation around the skylights.
Fix this problem by checking for cracks surrounding the skylight and sealing them with a silicone sealer. Replace the surrounding flashing too.